The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is a multilateral development bank that primarily supports public sector projects, but it also provides loans and equity investments for private sector projects in 40 countries in the wider Asian region. The Accountability Mechanism (AM) is the ADB’s grievance mechanism.
The AM has two functions: Problem-solving and Compliance Review. Problem solving is an informal process that aims to resolve specific problems by consensus. Compliance Review investigates whether the ADB’s operational policies and procedures have been followed and if they have not, whether noncompliance with one or more policies and procedures has resulted, or could result, ‘in direct adverse and material harm’ to project-affected people.