Assessing the development impact of European and global financial reforms

The financial crisis is truly global in scale. It will have a lasting impact on growth, jobs and debts, and will be a long-term burden for economies all over the world. Although it originated in the developed world, the subsequent fallout has been keenly felt in developing countries. For example, reduced lending, foreign direct investment and aid, along with weaker export revenues, have resulted in increased poverty, unemployment and indebtedness. The crisis is a consequence of the global rise of neoliberalism. An unwavering belief that markets are efficient and banks are self-regulating, resulted in excessive privatisation, liberalisation and deregulation. Financial markets are now predominant, and traditional economic activities, such as classic production and services, are slowly being sidelined. This system engenders inequality, uncertainty and the concentration of power in the hands of the few. Short-term speculation and excessive risk-taking are rewarded, despite their destabilising effects on the wider economy.

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publication cover - Towards a Global Finance System at the Service of Sustainable Development
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