Identifying which corporate entity or entities may be held responsible for environmental abuses and/or human rights violations could involve researching a company’s structure and also its supply chain, key investors and other business relationships.

Depending on the grievance mechanism, it is possible to file complaints against companies for their direct, as well as indirect, involvement in a human rights abuse or other harmful impacts. Also, consider filing a complaint against those entities that have a responsibility for preventing harm such as a government department or a development bank supporting the project.